The key to the organization: analyzing the tactical system 4-2-3-1 in modern football

Soccer is a sport that requires skill, tactics and strategy. One of the most popular strategies is the 4-2-3-1 system. This training has become increasingly popular in modern football, sinceIt provides a solid defense base and a fluid and dynamic attack capacityto. In this article, we will analyze in depth the 4-2-3-1 system, its history, strengths, weaknesses and how to implement it on the playing field.

How does it work?

Training 4-2-3-1 is a football tactic in which four defenders, two defensive midfielders, three offensive midfielders and a center striker are used.

The four defenders are usually two centrals and two sides, whose function is to protect the goal and prevent the rival team from scoring goals. The two defensive midfielders They play an important role in the Rball recovery and defense protection, while helping to start attacks.

The Three offensive midfielders are located ahead of defensive midfielders and take care of Create goal opportunities For the center striker. One of them is usually the midfielder, which is in charge of connecting the midfield with the front and creating goal plays.

He Center front He is the only player who plays forward, Its main task is to score goals and create goal opportunities. He is also expected to keep the ball and play with his teammates.

System strengths 4-2-3-1

The 4-2-3-1 system has several strengths that make it popular among coaches and soccer players:

  • Defensive strength:The 4-2-3-1 system It provides a solid defense base, since the two defensive midfielders help protect the defensive line. This means that the team can defend itself well against rival attacks and maintain control of the game.
  • Fluid attack:The 4-2-3-1 system also It provides a fluid and dynamic attack capacity, since the three offensive players behind the center forward can create goal opportunities and score goals themselves.
  • Midfield control: lThe two defensive midfielders also help control the midfield, which means that the team can maintain control of the ball and dictate the rhythm of the game.
  • Adaptability: el System 4-2-3-1 too It is very adaptable and can be used in different game situations. For example, if the team needs to defend themselves more, defensive midfielders can sit deeper and protect the defensive line. If the team needs to score more goals, the three offensive players can play later and press the opposite team.

Weaknesses of the 4-2-3-1 system

Although the 4-2-3-1 system has several strengths, it also has some weaknesses:

  • Extreme vulnerability: el System 4-2-3-1 It can be vulnerable to teams that play with rapid and skilled ends, since the sides can be forced to advance to help the attack, which can leave holes in the defense. Defensive midfielders can also be forced to get out of position to help cover the extremes, which can leave spaces in the midfield.
  • Dependency of the offensive player:The 4-2-3-1 system It often depends on the offensive player behind the center striker to create goal opportunities. If this player is not fit or not playing well, the team can have difficulty scoring goals.
  • Lack of depth: DBecause there is only one center striker in the 4-2-3-1 system, the team can have difficulty creating goal opportunities if the center striker is well marked or has a bad night.

How to implement system 4-2-3-1

To implement the system 4-2-3-1, it is important that the coach has a good understanding of the training and functions of each player in the field. Below are some suggestions to implement the system 4-2-3-1:

The defenders:Four defenders, two sides and two centrals are used. The sides must be quick and able to move forward to support the attack, while the centrals must be strong in the air and capable of defending rival strikers well.

Defensive midfielders: The two defensive midfielders must protect the defensive line and help control the midfield. They must be good to steal the ball and capable of distributing the ball to offensive players.

The offensive players:In the 4-2-3-1 system, there are three offensive players behind the center forward. The central player must be the creator of the game and capable of making precise passes and creating goal opportunities. The other two offensive players must be quick and capable of scoring goals for themselves.

The center striker: the center striker He is the most advanced player in the 4-2-3-1 system and is responsible for scoring goals. It must be strong, fast and capable of maintaining the possession of the ball.

Notable equipment that have used the tactical system 4-2-3-1

Manchester City

The English team has used training 4-2-3-1 under the coach's command Pep Guardiola. Two key players in this training are Kevin de Bruyne and Ilkay Gündogan.

Of Bruyne Play in the center of the field as Half Point and He has the task of creating goal opportunities for the center striker and the extremes. Gündogan, on the other hand, Juega as one of the two defensive midfielders and He has the task of recovering the ball and helping the transition from the defensive game to the offensive.

Paris Saint-Germain

The French team has used training 4-2-3-1 under the coach's command Mauricio Pochettino. Two key players in this training are Kylian Mbappé and Neymar Jr.

Mbappé plays in the end right And he has the task of Create goal opportunities for the center striker and you can also score goals himself. Neymar Jr, on the other hand, He plays as a midfielder and has the task of creating goal opportunities for the center forward and the ends, as well as scoring goals himself. In addition, he can also help in the transition from defensive game to the offensive and is a very skilled player in one.


The 4-2-3-1 system is a popular tactical training in modern football. It offers a solid defense base and a fluid and dynamic attack capacity. However, it also has some weaknesses, such as the dependence of the offensive player and vulnerability to the extremes. To implement the system 4-2-3-1 successfully, it is important that the coach has a good understanding of the training and functions of each player in the field.

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