The evolution of modern football has transformed football into a science with a wide variety of methods for training and developing technique and fitness. These methods favor the programming of the season through a ''macro-cycle'', divided into cycles dedicated to improving conditional abilities with off-ball tasks.
Methodologies similar to the traditional model have been developed with the difference of a greater use of the ball to develop individual technical and tactical skills, but always with the aim of reaching and improving the physical component of each player.
Over the years, true teaching models have been developed in grassroots football, capable of responding to teaching problems by coaches and, above all, to improve the learning of young people.
What are teaching methods in football training?
When we talk about teaching methods we refer to set of exercises ordered by blocks that we carry out with the purpose of achieving a result.
Under specific training conditions, it may be more profitable to preferentially train with one method or another. For example, him playful method It is widely used in school sports because it is considered to be more effective in achieving the final objectives, the simple exercise method is used in consolidation stages and for learning technique in players between the ages of 8 and 15, and the method of complex exercises It is used in the training of players in advanced ages.
We bring you some of these methods below!
GLOBAL OR INTEGRAL METHOD
This method is a great motivation for the participants since, through it, they test their physical and mental abilities to overcome an opponent. Thanks to global or integral method, the player simultaneously trains aspects tactical, technical and physical, which will allow you to develop them at the same time later during a match.
SPANISH INTEGRATED METHOD
The Spanish Integrated Method includes structured tasks with the use of the ball capable of training 4 components simultaneously. With this method we recreate specific situations of the real game, which will depend on the objectives that we want to achieve.
We want to highlight the ''Spanish Integrated Method'', since many Spanish teams work using the ball in all tasks and with the intention of working and developing the tactic. In addition, with the groups under 14, the players are not divided by position, but try different positions, rotating. Each training is programmed by phases, which are generally 5:
- In the 1st phaseGenerally, players work individually each with a ball to improve control or touches.
- In the 2nd phase players work with both legs.
- In the 3rd phase, Ball possessions are worked on, proposed in variable spaces, also with variable numbers of players.
- In the 4th phase a collective tactical match is held in which the players prepare for real situations that they may face during a match.
- Lastly, in the 5th phase, a free game is held, to theme, in which the coach verifies the learning of the players based on what has been proposed during the day's session.
In this method, the soccer player carries out various activities, which are expressly aimed at learning a series of fundamentals, but in a completely isolated way from the game.
TACTICAL PERIODIZATION METHOD
The coach draws up a schedule based on a game model created by him, taking into account the philosophy of the club, the quality and characteristics of the players and the principle of play that the coach intends to use in all phases of a game. match.
The model defines the system of relationships between the team players in each situation. Therefore, instead of adopting tasks without the ball to improve resistance, proposing themed matches, in which the players will be placed by position as in a match, will allow the team to create links between players in order to improve the tactical organization that during the match will be decisive. Instead of adopting it in a generic way and in casual areas of the field, if the players could do it in the areas of the field that they will later occupy during the match, they will have the possibility during training to improve these details that will later be decisive.
Working on the creation of highly organized interactions between players in all situations, allows players to speed up game problems and is done with the aim of valuing young people with a highly positive game. This is a good applicable method for young players.
COMPLEX EXERCISE METHOD
In this method we can vary a series of factors in order to add difficulty to the exercises, such as, for example, modifying the number of defenses, so that at first the attackers act in numerical superiority, then in equal conditions and, finally, in numerical inferiority. You can even change the demands of the exercises, either by increasing or reducing the playing space.
In conclusion, we must not only know where we start from and Where do we want to go? rather, be aware in choosing the path we want to follow to reach our destination.
We can help you in this choice. Sign up to our Course in Soccer Training Methodologiesand perfect your workouts.